ECR/ECNR Status  
An Overview
Emigration Act and Rules
India Centre for Migration
Indian Community Welfare Fund
e-Governance
Skills Training Initiative for North Eastern States
Overseas Workers Resource Centre (OWRC)
Indian Workers Resource Center (IWRC)
Bilateral Agreements
Multilateral Co-operation
Guidelines for Emigration Clearance System
Emigration Abroad for Employment
Protector General of Emigrants
Recruiting Agents(RAs)
Foreign Employers(FEs)
Project Exporters(PEs)
Pravasi Bharatiya Bima Yojna
Mahatma Gandhi Pravasi Suraksha Yojana (MGPSY)
Grievance Redressal
Country Manuals for Emigrant Workers
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Emigration Act, 1983 provides that no citizen of India shall migrate unless he obtains emigration clearance from Protector of Emigrants. Similarly, it has been recognized that certain countries (currently 17) do not have strict laws regulating the entry and employment of foreign nationals. They also do not provide avenues for grievance redressal. Thus they have been categorized as Emigration Check Required (ECR) countries. Hence, all persons, having ECR endorsed passports and going to any of the 17 ECR countries for taking up employment require emigration clearance. However, ECR passport holders going to any ECR country for purposes other than employment do not require emigration clearance. No specific mention of ECNR is made on the passports and the ones not endorsed as ECR, automatically belong to ECNR category.
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